Famous Places in Russia
In Russia, there are many unique and outlandish places for which foreign tourists travel to this country.
The most majestic places in Russia are located along the Lena River, in Yakutia, near Khangalsky Ulus, 100 km from the city of Pokrovsk. These geological formations stretched vertically along the beautiful valley of the Plateau at a distance of 80 km. A particularly beautiful place is located between the villages of Petrovkoe and Tit-Ary. The height of the rock formations from Cambrian limestone reaches 100 meters.
In Yakutia, on the outskirts of the city of Mirny, there is one of the largest diamond quarries in the world. The quarry has a depth of 525 meters and a diameter of 1.2 kilometers. It is visible even from space. The mining of diamondiferous kimberlite ore was discontinued in June 2001. At the present time, an underground mine of the same name is being built on board the quarry for the development of the remaining underground mining reserves, the excavation of which by the open method is unprofitable. Here you can learn everything about diamond mining and buy diamonds at cost price.
Around the lake, there are a lot of tourist areas, bases and resorts. Along the shores of Lake Baikal, there is the Great Hiking Trail – a system of ecological routes with hiking and horseback excursions. The deepest lake on the planet (1642 meters) is located in the south-east of Siberia. The shape resembles a giant crescent. Mountains or fells surround the lake. It is very clean and transparent. The composition of the water contains little salt. Therefore, the water of Baikal can be compared with distilled water.
In winter, in severe cold, it is possible to observe a very beautiful natural phenomenon, when large cracks break the ice. This phenomenon occurs under loud sound resembling peals of thunder. There are 27 islands on Baikal, and the largest is Olkhon Island. Many tourists flock there to live in tents, feel the romance, enjoy the surrounding splendor. The peculiarity of this island is that it has only 48 cloudy days a year.
Volcanoes of Kamchatka
More than a thousand volcanoes located in Kamchatka enter the Pacific Ring of Fire but belong to different geological eras. Among them, 28 are active. The height of the largest volcano Klyuchevskaya Sopka is 4,750 meters above sea level. It is the highest in Eurasia and one of the most active on the peninsula. At the foot of the volcano, Uzon is the hottest body of water on Earth. The water temperature in the lake Fumarolnom 50 degrees.
The historical center of the northern capital and the palace and park ensembles were included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Here are just the most significant that must be seen:
- the palace and park ensembles of Gatchina
- Tsarskoye Selo
- the old part of Kronstadt and its forts
- the stunning beauty of the Church of the Savior on the Blood on the banks of the Griboyedov Canal.
Due to its geographical position in St. Petersburg there is such a thing as “white nights”. At midnight, the sun descends only 7 degrees below the horizon. Therefore the morning and evening dawn converge, and light twilight sets in. The period of white nights lasts from late May to mid-July. This event additionally attracts tourists from all over the world.
Kizhi Museum Reserve
It is a reserve of Russian wooden architecture. According to legend, the 22-headed Church of the Transfiguration of the Lord consecrated in 1714 was built with one axe without nails, which the master threw into the lake. The Pokrovskaya Church, built half a century later, complements the Preobrazhenskaya Church.
Landscape Reserve Divnogorie
If you want to relax in an amazingly beautiful place, feel the coolness of the chalk arches of cave churches, then you need to come to Divnogorie. It is located in the Voronezh region on the right bank of the Don River in the Liskinsky district. Chalky deposits of bizarre shape surround the plateau. In addition to cave churches, there are many ancient archaeological monuments:
- The Mayatsky site of an ancient settlement (remains of a medieval fortress and necropolis)
- Mayatsky pottery complex
- Holy Assumption Divnogorsky monastery
- Amazing mountains-pillars of Diva.
Ancient settlement Arkaim
Arkaim is one of the most iconic places in the Urals, surrounded by numerous legends and an aura of mystery. Originated on Earth during the construction of the Egyptian pyramids, it is called the wonder of the world. Scientists believe that the city stands on an unusually strong energy site of the planet. No wonder he is so often visited by shamans, magicians, esoteric and UFO. Arkaim is a fortified settlement of the Bronze Age. The archaeological site dated from the third-second millennium BC and consisted of a walled city, two necropolises and animal pens.
Moscow Kremlin and Red Square
From the point in the center of the map of Moscow, where the main clock of the country goes, and the zero kilometer sign is driven into the ground, the countdown of Russian time and space always begins. The Kremlin is the historical center of Moscow, the spiritual and state symbol of Russia.
Initially, the Kremlin was wooden, and the Mongol-Tatars destroyed the first fortifications on Borovitsky hill in 1238. In 1330 the oldest church in Moscow, the Cathedral of the Savior on Bor, appeared in the Kremlin. During the construction of the Great Kremlin Palace in the 19th century, the cathedral was neatly inscribed in its courtyard and has been carefully preserved to this day.
In the second half of the 15th century, the Moscow Kremlin was rebuilt by Italian architects, who took the ducal residence of Sforza in Milan as a basis. Then there was the Archangel, the Annunciation and the Assumption Cathedral, the Faceted Chamber and Ivan the Great Bell Tower. In the 17th century, the Kremlin towers received longline and hipped roofs, acquiring a modern look.
This unique geological monument of nature is located in the Troitsko-Pechora region of Komi. It is called the Ural Stonehenge for scattered over the mountain substantial stone pillars, reaching 40 meters in height. A trip to this wonder of the world is possible by foot (200 km in 5-6 days of travel) from the Sverdlovsk Region, the Perm Territory and the Komi Republic or by helicopter.